Katagignoskein – (Liddell-Scott) to remark, to observe, to discover especially something to one’s prejudice, to condemn
Literally, it means to know against someone or something. The act of knowledge springs out in the case of a condemnation, while the knowledge per se is rather furtive.
The knowledge per se covers itself through the slowness of deductive procedures, through its neat organization, and also behind his alleged prestige of consolidating a particular science. It comforts itself for its reliability by appealing to the anatomical model of the brain, it itself covered in the body and able to move it. The sparkly remarks met in an act of knowledge are directed contrary to something else, as katagignoskein does, by opposing to something else the firm corpus of knowledge constituted in fact through slow steps.
In this way, knowledge per se deceives others by instilling them the belief that its sparkly remarks are the results of its constitution. In fact, they belong to a different type of knowledge, to that of katagignoskein.
In the range of knowledge as katagignoskein, there is a different status of a sparkly remark. It does not oppose to something else by a disproportionate force, since it has nothing to endorse it except the thing discovered. If it condemns someone, it does so in the name of the things discovered, not in virtue of a prestigious science. Thus, the warlike character of katagignoskein weakens till to become a play. In philosophy, it is the play of compelling the things to become known as a way of modifying their independence, though they still remain unaffected.
In the common knowledge, the place of the corpus of scientifically knowledge is occupied by the one who utters condemnations or observations directed against someone or something. As Socrates already known, it is about the self confidence in your own knowledge about unknown subject matters.
Therefore, the real katagignoskein is just simulated in the common usage of condemnations or observations. Nonetheless, the real or philosophical katagignoskein has to keep itself closer o common things than to the simple gignoskein embodied in a prestigious science.