luni, 5 ianuarie 2015

The Unsuccessful Lesson of Human Rights

The ‘Declaration of Independence’ uses a religious language, for instance in one of its beginning phrases: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.

Surely, the invocation of the Creator can be attributed to the specific rhetoric of that age, but it has also a function in supporting the claims for human rights. Since God provides those rights to the human beings, they have not to be learned, but only discovered by putting away the former political authority which had impeded their manifestation. An additional consequence was that the new born union of states made possible the living of those rights once it was gaining its independence from the British King.

Practically, the application of those ambiguous rights was continually learned in the American society and they are still to be learned. Obviously, ‘the Creator’ didn’t contribute to their learning, but He provided legacy to all their oddly interpretations and applications in the American history. In the present time, God could hardly be invoked as the supreme teacher of the rights asked by some social groups. A number of human teachers of those rights partly compensated the absence of a divine guidance and now they replace it.

However, the American people didn’t listen to those teachers and they didn’t strive for understanding the human rights, but only chose and learned to live in many particular ways. The human rights were invoked only to defend those ways of life.

Therefore, the American culture cannot teach the equality, the rights of life, liberty, and happiness to the nations which did not claim a chart of human rights as the starting point of their foundation. It can only to show them some results or products of the American society which were not really deduced from those rights.  Those societies may accept such products especially when they are seductive material goods, but their related human rights can be totally disregarded. For instance, the use of the Internet didn’t improve the democracy in the world, in spite of its popularity.

Besides, those nations learned during many centuries the political value of submission to their ruler more than the Americans learned to apply the human rights. The submission is not an inferior matter of learning - we all know how many efforts we pay for learning to fulfill our social duties - and God cannot be put aside from it as He practically is in the ‘Declaration of Independence’. On the contrary, the profound human value of religion was often involved in the submission to the rulers of those nations, even if the religious belief was replaced by the devotion for a secular ideal like the communist society. Since the height of submission is to feel that your life is protected by the ruler or god you honor inside of your community, many nations cannot forsake it for embracing the vague notion of human rights which practically leave the man in front of a divided society where everybody primarily is submitted to his own preference of living in a particular way.